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Faculty Profiles

George Walkerdownload image icon

George Walker

Dean's Research Professor of Admiralty and International Law

Phone: 336.758.5720
Email: walkergk@wfu.edu
Location: Worrell 3313

Books and Monographs

  • General ed., Definitions for the Law of the Sea (forthcoming).
  • Chair, Int’l L. Ass’n (Am. Branch) L. of the Sea Comm., Terms in the 1982 U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea or in Convention Analysis that the Convention Does Not Define (Sept. 1, 2009), to be reprinted in part, Proc. Am. Branch Int’l L. Ass’n: 2009-2010, at 162-540 (2010).
  • Chair, Int’l L. Ass’n (Am. Branch) L. of the Sea Comm., Terms in the 1982 U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea or in Convention Analysis that the Convention Does Not Define (June 1, 2008), reprinted in part, Proc. Am. Branch Int’l L. Ass’n: 2007-2008, at 46-367 (2008). 
  • 2006 Revised Handbook: Arbitrating Family Law Cases Under the North Carolina Family Law Arbitration Act as Amended in 2005 (3 v. 2006), available on N.C.B. Ass\'n website. 
  • Rptr., N.C.B. Ass\'n Family L. Section Drafting Comm., Recommended Amendments for Forms and Rules To Be Used with the North Carolina Family Law Arbitration Act As Amended in 2005 (2005).
  • Rptr., Am. Acad. Matrimonial Lawyers Arb. Comm., Model Family Law Arbitration Act (2005), available on Am. Acad. Matrimonial Lawyers website; prev. ed., id., Model Family Law Arbitration Act (2 v. 2004).
  • Rptr., N.C. B. Ass\'n Family L. Sec. Drafting Comm., Amendments for the Family Law Arbitration Act and Associated Forms and Rules (2004). 
  • Rptr., N.C.B. Ass\'n Int\'l L. & Prac. Sec. Rev. Unif. Arb. Act Legislative Focus Group, Proposal for Enacting the Uniform Arbitration Act 2000 (Revised Uniform Arbitration Act or RUAA) to Replace North Carolina\'s Uniform Arbitration Act; Recommended Conforming Amendment for the North Carolina International Commercial Arbitration and Conciliation Act (ICACA) (2 v. 2002).
  • The Tanker War 1980-88: Law and Policy (Nav. War C. Int\'l L. Stud., v. 74, 2000).
  • Arbitrating Family Law Cases by Agreement: Handbook for the North Carolina Family Law Arbitration Act (1999), reprinted as 2006 Revised Handbook, v.3.; rptr., Lynn P. Burleson et al., The North Carolina Family Law Arbitration Act: Proposed Legislation, Forms and Rules (1999).
  • Rptr., Dorothy W. Bernholz et al., North Carolina Canons of Ethics for Arbitrators (1998), reprinted in part in ABA Section of Dispute Resolution, Dispute Resolution - Catch the Next Wave: Successful Applications for Lawyers 464 (1999).
  • Co-auth., 14 Moore\'s Federal Practice (Daniel R. Coquilette et al. eds., 3d ed. 1997).
  • Mem., Group of Int\'l Lawyers & Naval Experts, San Remo Manual on International Law Applicable to Armed Conflicts at Sea (Louise Doswald-Beck ed. 1995), reprinted in Dietrich Schindler & Jiri Toman, The Laws of Armed Conflicts 1153 (2004).
  • Rptr., Report of the Advisory Group of the United States District Court for the Middle District of North Carolina Appointed Under the Civil Justice Reform Act of 1990, and Proposed Plan (1992); annual Assessments (1994-97).
  • Ed., Proceedings of the 1985 Annual Meeting, Amer. Soc. Int\'l L.
  • International Law for the Naval Commander (Nav. War C., 1985 rev.)
  • Ed., Proceedings of the 1984 Annual Meeting, Amer. Soc. Int\'l L.
  • Ed., Proceedings of the 1982 Annual Meeting, Amer. Soc. Int\'l L. 
  • Proposal for Training the U.S. Naval Reserve in the Law of Armed Conflict (1982).
  • Ed., Fourth Circuit Student Advocacy Conference: Papers and Remarks, 87 F.R.D. 159 (190), with William K. Slate II.
  • International Law for the Naval Commander (Nav. War C., 1978).
  • Ed., Proceedings of the 1978 Annual Meeting, Amer. Soc. Int\'l. L.

Articles and Book Chapters

  • "Occupation in Iraq: Issues on the Periphery and for the Future: A Rubik's Cube Problem?," ch. 12 in The War in Iraq: A Legal Analysis (Nav. Warr C. Int'l L. Stud., v. 86, Raul A. "Pete" Pedrozo ed. 2010).
  • "Self-Defense, the Law of Armed Conflict and Port Security," 5 S.C.J. Int’l L. & Bus. 347 (2009).
  • "Filling Some of the Gaps: The International Law Association (American Branch) Law of the Sea Definitions Project," 32 Fordham Int’l L.J. 1336 (2009).
  • "Family Law Arbitration: Legislation and Trends," 21 J. Am. Acad. Matrimonial Law. 1109 (2008).
  • "The 2006 Conflict in Lebanon, or What Are the Armed Conflict Rules When Legal Principles Collide?," ch. 15 in David K. Linnan, ed., Enemy Combatants, Terrorism, and Armed Conflict Law (2008).  
  • "Professionals\' Definitions and States\' Interpretative Declarations (Understandings, Statements, or Declarations) for the 1982 Law of the Sea Convention," 21 Emory Int\'l L. Rev. 461 (2007).
  • "Defining Terms in the 1982 Law of the Sea Convention IV: The Last Round of Definitions Proposed by the International Law Association (American Branch) Law of the Sea Committee," 36 Cal. W. Int\'l L.J. 133 (2005) (lead art.), published in part, 2005-06 Proc. Am. Branch Int\'l L. Ass\'n 23 (2006).
  • "Defining Terms in the 1982 Law of the Sea Convention III: The International Hydrographic Organization ECDIS Glossary," 34 Cal. W. Int\'l L.J. 211 (2001), published in part, 2003-04 Proc. Am. Branch Int\'l L. Ass\'n 187 (2005).
  • "Arbitrating Family Law Cases by Agreement," 18 J. Am. Acad. Matrimonial Law 429 (2003), voted "Special Thanks for Your Exceptional Article" by Am. Acad. Matrimonial Lawyers, 2004.
  • "The Lawfulness of Operation Enduring Freedom\'s Self-Defense Responses," lead article in Symposium, Operation Enduring Freedom and the War on Terrorism, 37 Valparaiso L. Rev. 489 (2003).
  • "Definitions for the 1982 Law of the Sea Convention --- Part II," 33 Cal. W. Int\'l L.J. 191 (2003) (with John E. Noyes), published in part in 2003-04 Proc. Am. Branch Int\'l L. Ass\'n 187 (2004).
  • "Principles for Collective Humanitarian Intervention to Succor Other Countries\' Imperiled Indigenous Nationals," 18 Am. U. Int\'l L. Rev. 35 (2002); published in part as "Application of the Law of Armed Conflict During Operation Allied Force: Maritime Interdiction and Prisoner of War Issues," in Andru E. Wall, ed., Legal and Ethical Lessons of NATO\'s Kosovo Campaign 85 (Nav. War C. Int\'l L. Stud., v. 78, 2002).
  • "Definitions for the 1982 LOS Convention," 32 Cal. W. Int\'l L.J. 343 (2002) (with Noyes), published in part in "Report of the Law of the Sea Committee as Defining Terms in the 1982 LOS Convention" (Sept. 4, 2001 Init. Draft; Rev. 1, Jan. 22, 2002), 2001-02 Proc. Am. Branch Int\'l L. Ass\'n 152, 154 (2002).
  • "Supplemental, Pendent and Ancillary Jurisdiction in Admiralty and Maritime Cases: The ALI Federal Jurisdiction Revision Project and Admiralty Practice," 32 J. Mar. L. & Com. 567 (2001).
  • "Responses to Humanitarian Law Violations in Non-International Armed Conflicts: Historical Perspectives and Considerations on Conflicts of Jurisdiction," 30 Israel Y.B. Hum. Rts. 79 (2000), also published in "International Institute of Humanitarian Law, Humanitarian Protection in Non-International Armed Conflicts: First Reports of a Research Project" 79 (Dieter Fleck coord. 2001).
  • "Information Warfare and Neutrality," 33 Vand. Transnat\'l L.J. 1079 (2000), also published in "Computer Network \'Attack\' and International Law" (Nav. War C. Int\'l L. Stud., v. 76, Brian O\'Donnell & Michael Schmitt eds. 2002).
  • "State Rules for Arbitrator Ethics," in American Bar Association Section of Dispute Resolution, Arbitration Now: Opportunities for Fairness, Process Renewal and Invigoration 241 (Paul N. Haagen ed. 1999); also published in 23 J. Legal Prof. 155 (1999).
  • Co-drafter, "Final Report: Helsinki Principles on Maritime Neutrality," in Int\'l L. Ass\'n, Report of Sixty-Eighth Conference Held at Taipei, Republic of China 24-30 May 1998, at 496 (1998), reprinted in Dietrich Schindler & Jiri Toman, The Laws of Armed Conflict 1425 (4th rev. ed. 2004).
  • "Anticipatory Collective Self-Defense in the Charter Era: What the Treaties Have Said," ch. 15 in The Law of Military Operations: Liber Amicorum Professor Jack Grunawalt (Nav. War C. Int\'l L. Stud., v. 72, Michael N. Schmitt ed., 1998), also published in 31 Cornell Int\'l L.J. 321 (1998).
  • "The Colleague at Wake Forest University," 27 Stetson L. Rev. 355 (1997). 
  • "Oceans Law, the Maritime Environment and the Law of Naval Warfare," ch. 13 in Protection of the Environment During Armed Conflict (Nav. War C. Int\'l L. Stud., v. 69, Richard J. Grunawalt et al. eds. 1997).
  • "The Interface of Criminal Jurisdiction and Actions Under the U.N. Charter with Admiralty Law," 20 Tulane Marit. L.J. 216 (1996).
  • "Sea Power and the Law of the Sea: The Need for a Contextual Approach," ch. 4 in Readings on International Law from the Naval War College Review 1978-1994 (Nav. War C. Int\'l L. Stud., v. 68; John Norton Moore & Robert F. Turner eds. 1995), originally published in 7 Ocean Devel. & Int\'l L. 299 (1979), 83 Mil. L. Rev. 131 (1979), 30 Nav. War C. Rev. 88 (No. 4, 1988).
  • "The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure in the Context of Transnational Law," in Symposium, The Hague Conference on Private International Law, 57 L. & Contemp. Probs. 1, 183 (1994).
  • "U.S. National Security Law and U.N. Peacekeeping or Peacemaking Operations," 29 Wake Forest L. Rev. 435 (1994).
  • "Maritime Neutrality in the Charter Era," in New National Perspectives on the Law of the Sea Convention 124 (U. Va. L. Sch. Center for Oceans L. & Pol., Proc. 17th Ann. Sem., Myron H. Nordquist ed. 1993).
  • "State Practice Following World War II," 1945-1990, ch. 4 in The Law of Naval Warfare: Targeting Enemy Merchant Shipping (Nav. War C. Int\'l L. Stud., v. 65, Richard J. Grunawalt ed. 1993).
  • "Integration and Disintegration in Europe: Reordering the Treaty Map of the Continent," 6 Transnat\'l Law. 1 (1993); earlier, shorter version, 21 Wake Forest Jurist 25 (No. 2, 1991).
  • "Trends in State Legislation Governing International Arbitrations," 17 N.C.J. Int\'l L. & Com. Reg. 419 (1992).
  • "The Personification of the Vessel in United States Civil in Rem Actions and the International Context," 15 Tulane Mar. L.J. 177 (1991).
  • "The Crisis Over Kuwait, August 1990-February 1991," 1991 Duke J. Comp. & Int\'l L. 25; shorter version, 21 Wake Forest Jurist 23 (No. 1, 1990).
  • "Arbitration," ch. 1 in N.C. Bar Ass\'n Dispute Res. Comm., Desk Book on Alternative Dispute Resolution in North Carolina (1990).
  • "The Sources of International Law and the Restatement (Third), Foreign Relations Law of the United States," 37 Nav. L. Rev. 1 (1988).
  • "The Law of Armed Conflict Taught in a Comparative Criminal Law Context," 1 Touro J. Transnat\'l L. 153 (1988).
  • "Court-Ordered Arbitration Comes to North Carolina and the Nation," 21 Wake Forest L. Rev. 901 (1987); shorter version, "Experimental Court-Ordered Arbitration Comes to North Carolina," 33 N.C. St. B.Q. 10 (No. 4, 1986).
  • "The Sources of International Law," in International Law for the Naval Commander (1985 rev.).
  • "The 1983 Amendments to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 4," 19 Wake Forest L. Rev. 957 (1983).
  • "The Other 1983 Amendments to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure," 20 id. 819 (1984).
  • "A Model Student Practice Rule for the United States Courts," 37 Wash. & Lee L. Rev. 1101 (1980).
  • "The 1980 Amendments to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and Proposals for North Carolina Practice," 16 Wake Forest L. Rev. 915 (1980).
  • "Student Practice Rules in Virginia: Notes for the Practitioner," 11 U. Rich. L. Rev. 69 (1976), 87 F.R.D. 220 (1980).
  • "The Spirited Adolescence of the Clinical Component of Legal Education," 87  F.R.D. 166 (1980).
  • "Wake Forest\'s Student Appellate Advocacy Program," 1 Clin. Legal Educ. Perspective 7 (No. 2, 1977), 87 F.R.D. 233 (1980).
  • "Developing Appellate Advocacy Programs at Wake Forest University\'s Law School," 29 J. Legal Educ. 78 (1977).

Shorter Publications, Research and Book Reviews

  • Editorial adv. bd., Vand. J. Transnat'l L.
  • Rptr., North Carolina Family Law Arbitration Act Amendments, 2005 N.C. Sess. L. 2005-87.
  • Rptr., North Carolina Revised Uniform Arbitration Act, N.C. Gen. Stat. Sections 1-569.1 - 1-569.31.
  • "Arbitrating Disputes by Agreement," ch. 17 in Jacqueline R. Clare, ed., Alternative Dispute Resolution in North Carolina: A New Civil Procedure, (2003); "Canons of Ethics for Arbitrators," in ch. 30, id.
  • Rptr., North Carolina Family Law Arbitration Act, N.C. Gen. Stat. Sections 50-41 - 50-62.
  • Rptr., North Carolina Canons of Ethics for Arbitrators, 350 N.C. 876 (1999).
  • "Non-Binding, Court-Ordered Arbitration: Practice Pointers," Trial Briefs 6 (Summer 1998).
  • Book review, Stanimir A. Alexandrov, "Self-Defense Against the Use of Force in International Law," (1996); Timothy L. H. McCormack, "Self-Defense in International Law," in 91 Am.J. Int\'l L. 757 (1997).
  • Drafter, amendments to N.C. Int\'l Com. Arb. & Council. Act, N.C. Gen Stat. Sections 1-567.30 - 1-567.87.
  • "Comment No. 18," in Wolff Heintschel von Heinegg, ed., Regions of Operations of Naval Warfare: Reports and Commentaries of the Round-Table of Experts on International Humanitarian Law Applicable to Armed Conflicts at Sea: Canadian Ministry of Defence, Canadian Red Cros[,] Ottawa[, Canada,] 25-28 September 1992, 25 Bochumer Schriften zur Friedenssicherung und zum Humanitaren Volkerrecht [BSFHV] 137 (1995).
  • "Comment No. 11 on Dr. Von Heinegg\'s Report," in von Heinegg, ed., Visit, Search, Diversion and Capture[;] The Effect of the United Nations Charter on the Law of Naval Warfare: Reports and Commentaries of the Round-Table of Experts on International Humanitarian Law Applicable to Armed Conflicts at Sea: Norwegian Navy School of Tactics, Norwegian Red Cross[,] Bergen[, Norway,] 20-24 September 1991, 24 BSFHV 125 (1995).
  • Co-drafter, "North Carolina Foreign Money-Claims Act," N.C. Gen. Stat. Sections 1C-1820 - 34, 13 U.L.A. 72 (2000 Cum. Ann. Pocket Part); 1995 N.C.R. Civ. P. amendments related to international litigation.
  • Chair\'s Comments for N.C. Bar Ass\'n Int\'l L. & Prac. Sec. Newsletter, 1995-97.
  • Book reviews, Horace B. Robertson, Jr., The Law of Naval Operations, (Naval War College Int\'l L. Stud., v. 64, 1991), in 41 Nav. L. Rev. 155 (1993), 46 Nav. War Col. Rev. 172 (No. 2, 1993).
  • "Commentary No. 18 [Musings on the MOZ]," in Methods and Means of Combat in Naval Warfare, 132 (von Heinegg ed., 8 BSFHV 1992).
  • "Commentary No. 15: Further Questions on Targeting in the Law of Naval Warfare," in The Military Objective and the Principle of Distinction in the Law of Naval Warfare, 107 (von Heinegg ed., 7 BSFHV 1991).
  • Co-drafter, "N.C. Int\'l Comm. Arb. Act," N.C. Gen. Stat. Sections 1-567.30 - 1-567.68; appeared before House, Senate comms., drafted commentaries on proposed legislation.
  • "Changes in Federal Arbitration Practice," 11 The Litigator 7 (No. 4, 1991).
  • "The Multiple Ratchet Effects of 1989-92 on International Law," 3 SPLICE 1 (No. 2, 1990), reprinted in 5 Teacher Resources Newsletter 10 (No. 1, 1990).
  • "A Rich Literature for the Tapping," 43 Nav. War C. Rev. 121 (No. 2, 1990).
  • "Changes in State Arbitration Practice," 37 N.C. St. B.Q. 24 (No. 3, 1990).
  • Co-drafter, amendments to "N.C. Court-Ordered Arb. Rules," 1989-90; promulgated, 327 N.C. 712 (1990).
  • "General Assembly Considers Arbitration Bill," 10 Campbell L. Observer 1 (No. 5, 1989).
  • Co-drafter, proposed N.C. Legislation and commentary, for court-ordered arbitration, N.C. Bar Ass\'n Dispute Resolution Comm., published in N.C. Bar Ass\'n, Court-Ordered Arbitration: Report to the Supreme Court of North Carolina, 41-43 (March 1989), enacted, N.C. Gen. Stat. Section 7A-37.1.
  • Co-drafter, amendments to U.S. Dist. Ct., M.D.N.C. local rules as mem., local rules comm., 1988-date.
  • Book review, C. Allen Foster, The Law and Practice of Commercial Arbitration in North Carolina, 35 N.C. St. B.Q. 30 (No. 1, 1988).
  • "Experimental Court-Ordered Arbitration Comes to North Carolina," 33 id. 10 (No. 4, 1986).
  • "Court-Ordered Arbitration in North Carolina: Postscript and Progress," 34 id. 36 (No. 2, 1987).
  • Co-drafter (with Carmon J. Stuart), "Rules for Court-Ordered Arbitration in North Carolina," 81 N.C. App. No. 2, 317 N.C. No. 3 (1986), 21 Wake Forest L. Rev. 945 (1986), as revised, 84 N.C. App., Appendix; 319 N.C., Appendix (1987). Received N. C. Bar Ass\'n Dispute Resol. Comm. award (with Carmon J. Stuart) for this work, 1987.
  • Moderator, opening remarks, "The Responsibility for Training Foreign Military Personnel: Should Arms Transfers Be Conditioned on Training in the Law of Armed Conflict?," 1984 Proc. Am. Soc\'y Int\'l L. 1 (1986).
  • "Wake Foresters Help Cure Courtroom Clog," 32 Wake Forest Mag. 30 (No. 5, 1986).
  • Book reviews, R. Anand, Law of the Sea: Caracas and Beyond, (1980), and F. Chen, Proceedings of Conference on Deep Seabed Mining and Freedom of the Seas, (1981), 77 Am. J. Int\'l L. 689 (1983).
  • Book review, Myres S. McDougal et al., Human Rights and World Public Order: The Basic Policies of an International Law of Human Dignity, 16 Int\'l Law. 413 (1982), AMBAR computer format accessed.
  • Book review, Robert D. Steele, The Iran Crisis and International Law, (1981), 76 Am. J. Int\'l L. 460 (1982).
  • Book review, Martin Redish, Federal Jurisdiction: Tensions in the Allocation of Judicial Power, (1980), 17 Wake Forest L. Rev. 1037 (1982).
  • Book review, Howard S. Levie, Protection of War Victims, (4 vols. 1979-81), 14 Int\'l Law. 752 (1980).
  • Book review, John King Gamble, Law of the Sea: Neglected Issues, (1979), 33 Nav. War C. Rev. 115  (No. 2, 1980).
  • Book review, James C. Tuttle, International Human Rights Law and Practice, (1978 rev.), 13 Int\'l Law. 572 (1979).
  • "Crisis in the Courts: A Response of Legal Education to the Changes of Incompetence in the Defense of Criminal Cases," 24 N.C. Bar 13 (No. 1, 1977), republished, 24 Wake Forest Mag. 6 (No. 4, 1977), as "The Supreme Court versus the Law Schools: The Case for the Defense."
  • Book review, Henry Steiner & Detlev Vagts, Transnational Law, (2d ed. 1976), 16 Va. J. Int\'l L. 982 (1976).
  • Co-reporter, Seminar, "Rules for Unarmed Conflict in the Intermediate Status Between Peace and War," 1976 Proc. Am. Soc\'y Int\'l L. 159.
  • Book review, J. Harvie Wilkinson, Serving Justice, (1974), 6 Cumb. L. Rev. 283 (1974).

Continuing Education Publications

  • "Agreements to Arbitrate -- What They Are and What They Are Not," ch. 7 in N.C.B. Found., From A to M -- Arbitration and Medication in North Carolina (2007).
  • "Family Law Arbitration from the Court Perspective," (2006), available on N.C. Inst. Gov\'t, N.C.B. Ass\'n websites.
  • "The 2005 Amendments to the Family Law Arbitration Act," ch. 5 in N.C.B. Found., Perils and Pitfalls in ADR: A Family Law Perspective (2005).
  • "Arbitration Clauses," ch. 2 in N.C.B. Found., Basics of International Law for Practitioners Representing Clients in the Global Economy (2003).
  • "Admiralty Litigation Under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act of 1976, As Amended," prepared for Marit. L. Ass\'n ann. mtg. CLE, New York City, New York, November 3, 2000.
  • "Arbitrating Family Law Cases by Agreement: Handbook for the North Carolina Family Law Arbitration Act," (1999), paragraph II.B.1, published in Wake Forest U., N.C.B. Ass\'n Family L. Sec., Matrimonial Lawyers Ass\'n CLE mat\'ls.
  • "Arbitration Clauses in North Carolina," ch. 2 in N.C.B. Foundation, Basics of International Law: Practice Tools for North Carolina\'s Emerging Global Economy (1998).
  • "The North Carolina Canons of Ethics for Arbitrators," in A.B.A. Section of Dispute Resolution & Association of the Bar of the City of New York, Arbitration: Preparing for the 21st Century 436 (1998).
  • "Ethics Rules for Arbitrators," ch. 3 in N.C.B. Found., "Winning" at Mediation: Tips and Techniques for Litigators and Mediators (1998).
  • "North Carolina Bar Association International Law & Practice Section Legislative Proposals for the 1997 General Assembly Session," ch. 6 in N.C.B. Found., Selected Issues in Business & International Law (1997).
  • "The Civil Justice Reform Act of 1990 (CJRA) and the 1993 Amendments to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure," revision and enlargement of "Overview of the Civil Justice Reform Act of 1990 (CJRA) and 1993 Changes in the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure," ch. 1 in N.C.B. Found., New Federal Rules (1994); ch. 1 in Mecklenburg County Bar, Federal Rules Seminar (1994).
  • "Court-Annexed Arbitration for Workplace-Related Claims," ch. 12 in N.C.B. Found., Current Developments in Labor and Employment Law, (1993).
  •  "Legal Aspects of Military Force in the Kuwait Crisis: U.N. Charter Norms and General Principles of the Law of Armed Conflict," in Wake, Durham & Orange County Bar Ass\'ns, Legalities Involved in the Use of Economic, Diplomatic and Military Pressure in the Persian Gulf (1991).
  • "Untangling the Entangling Alliances: Why It May Be Harder to Shed the Soviet System than Just Pulling Down a Wall," in materials for Center for Research and Development in Law-Related Education (CRADLE) Institute, August 5-11, 1990, Wake Forest University Law School.
  • "In Personam Jurisdiction Problems in U.S. International Civil Litigation," ch. 1 in N.C.B. Found., Jurisdiction and Service of Process (1990).
  • "Future Projections for Admiralty Litigation," ch. 15 in N.C.B. Found., Second Biennial Admiralty Seminar (1990).
  • "North Carolina\'s 1990 Court-Ordered, Non-Binding Arbitration Rules and Procedures: An Outline Overview, (1990) (with Stuart), part of contin. leg. educ. package for arbitrators in state judicial districts chosen for court-ordered arbitration.
  • "The Federal Rules of Evidence Compared With the North Carolina Rules," in N.C.B. Found., & N.C. Fed. B. Advisory Council, Surviving and Prospering in Federal Court (1989).
  • "International Law and Changing Economic Patterns: European Integration in 1992," in materials for CRADLE Institute, July 30 - August 5, 1989, Wake Forest Unviversity Law School.
  • "Jurisdictional and Procedural Issues Resulting from Recent Legislation and Cases," Southeastern ADmiralty Law Instit., Program Materials ch. 9 (1989).
  • "Pleasure Boats and the Admiralty," in N.C.B. Found., Admiralty Law (1988).
  • "Local Rules for General Civil Practice in the U.S. District Courts of North Carolina: A Comparative Study," in N.C.B. Found. & N.C. Fed. B. Advisory Council, Federal View from the Bench (1987).
  • "Jurisdiction, Choice of Forum, Arbitration, Choice of Law and Class Actions," North Carolina Products Liability Handbook 121 (1986).
  • "Non-Profit Organizations," North Carolina Business Practice Handbook 167 (1985 rev.), plus table of proposed legislative amendments.
  • Co-editor, North Carolina Trial Book - Civil (1983); authored chapters on"Federal Pretrial Distinctions," "Post-Trial Practice," "Federal Post-Trial Practice," and "Appeals."
  • "Civil Litigation Aspects of Business Practice," North Carolina Business Handbook 362 (1981).
  • "Insurance Aspects of Business Practice," id. 331.
  • "Non-Profit Organizations," id. 90.
  • "Conclusion and Synthesis: Essential Law Office Management," Law Office Management and Economics: The Next Decade 203 (1981).
  • "Statutory Modifications for Traditional Tort-Related Doctrines: Personal Injury and Wrongful Death Claims," North Carolina Tort Practice Handbook 293 (1981).

Other Research and Writing

  • Essay, "U.S. National Security Interests in the Persian Gulf: The Maritime Strategy Reconsidered," March 1989, submitted in partial fulfillment of Nat\'l Def. U. Nat\'l Security Mgt. diploma requirements.
  • Over 20 essays, 1975-86, in strategy & policy, naval operations, defense economics & decisionmaking, to complete Nav. War Coll. diploma with distinction.
  • Essay, "Thucydides Distinguishes Between Long-Range and Short-Range Causes of War," chosen as model essay, Nav. War Coll. Center for Contin. Educ. information guides, 1977-date.
  • Staff, Yal Stud. In World Pub. Ord., 1975-76.
  • Principal research assistant for A. E. Dick Howard, Commentaires on the Constitution of Virginia (2 vols. 1974), 1971-73.
  • Staff, Va. J. Int\'l L., 1970-71.
  • A.M. thesis, "The Personal Relationship of Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston S. Churchill as Revealed by Their Personal Correspondence, 1939-41" (Duke, 1968).